Month: September 2017

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Information About Football Games

Professional and collegiate football draws millions of fans to stadiums and television viewing every autumn. The NFL and NCAA collaborate to keep this high-intensity, high-impact sport fair, safe and entertaining. They publish information about football games for the understanding of players and fans.
Two 11-player teams play the game on a turf or synthetic field measuring 100 yards long and 53 yards wide. White lines cross the field at 10-yard intervals, starting from zero at each end with the 50-yard line marked at mid-field. Smaller white hash marks at 1-yard intervals help the players, officials and fans gauge a team’s progress more precisely. Beyond each goal line is an end zone 10 yards deep. That’s where the points pile up. Each team defends its own end zone. When the offensive team, which has the ball, can fight through the defenders and take the ball into its opponent’s end zone, it scores points.
In football, the highest score wins. A touchdown scores six points when the offensive team carries the ball into the end zone or catches it there or intercepts a pass or recovers a fumbled ball. A touchdown earns an attempt to score one or two extra points. A football kicked through the goal posts wins one point. A run or catch in the end zone wins two. The play starts at the defense’s 2-yard line. Field goals score three points for the offensive team if they cannot fight their way to the defender’s end zone. The offensive place kicker must kick the football between the goal posts from anywhere on the field for this score, though successful attempts from beyond the 45-yard line are rare. The defense can score two points on a safety when the offensive ball carrier is caught behind his goal line and tackled by the defense to stop the play.
Regulation time for a football game is one hour, divided into four 15-minute quarters. A halftime between quarters two and three allows 12 minutes for each team to convene off-field to discuss strategy. Between the other quarters, the teams have two minutes to switch the end zones they defend. Each half of the game begins with the defensive team’s kickoff, delivering the ball to the offensive side.
Football is played by some of the most powerful athletes in sports, sometimes topping 300 lbs., who often hurl themselves at each other at full speed. Without rules the game could become a spectacle of injuries and unfair advantages. The NFL and NCAA promote extensive and continually evolving rules regulating protective uniform and equipment standards, legal tackling and blocking practices, standards of sportsmanlike conduct and fair scoring. Fans want to see intense competition but appreciate the rules that make the sport fair and protect the players to play another day.


The Importance of Rules in Sports

Rules provide an agreement of understanding to competition. In sports, rules define what is allowed or not allowed to occur during situations on and off the court. Rules govern anything from wearing proper uniforms to how to keep score during games of different levels of competition. The rules of a game apply to players, coaches and officials, and vary among different sports and age groups.
The rules for players vary depending on the sport they play and the level they play at. This prevents a bias against things such as age, development and skills on teams. For example, playing football on a high school level involves more rules than a peewee football game. Players are expected to follow rules governed by their team such as behavior, attending practices, camps and drills and wearing the correct uniform. Players may also be expected to train and practice outside of their playing season to stay physically fit and updated on their skills.
To be able to successfully train a team and mentor players during a game, coaches should fully understand the rules of the sport they coach. By not following the correct rules of the sport, the team could face penalties caught by officials during games. Many sports programs require that coaches take continuing education courses to stay updated on rules and procedures. In addition to game play rules, coaches need to understand additional aspects of sports rules such as proper game ethics, nutrition and first aid, and be able to implement these aspects during drills, practices and games.
Sports players and coaches depend on officials including umpires and referees to understand all of the rules of a game. Officials should also understand the signaling and whistling codes for the sports they govern. During games, officials track scores, keep time and resolve in-game discrepancies based on the rules for that game. To help officials, players should also keep updated on game rules.
Sports’ rules help prevent injuries during practice and in games. Rules govern things such as access to working safety gear, including helmets, padding and mouth guards.


What Does a Center & a Wing Do in a Game of Touch Football?

A more accessible version of Australian rules football, touch football provides the same general action without the brutal tackling and hard hitting. In touch football, merely touching the ball-carrier halts play. Only six players take the field per team, with each side generally consisting of two wingers, two links and two middles, also known as centers. The wingers and centers have decidedly different responsibilities.
As their name indicates, touch football centers play in the middle of the field. The two links line up outside the centers, one on each side, while the wingers take position on the extreme outside ends. While circumstances during play may require covering the entire field, centers tend to remain in the middle and wingers generally stick to the outer edges.
Since he¡¯s in the middle of the action, a good touch football center needs to have excellent communication skills, helping direct and organize his teammates into a cohesive unit. The center must also possess superb ball skills, as he’s often passing back to teammates streaking up field on the outside. Wingers are typically the team¡¯s fastest players and score the most touchdowns. Good wingers can sustain their speed throughout the match, and also demonstrate anticipation skills to read plays and exploit opposing defenses. Wingers must be quick on their feet and highly evasive.
Players are prohibited from passing the ball forward, making centers responsible for aggressively pushing the ball up the middle of the field to gain territory and open outside lanes for teammates. Wingers tend to stretch the field, using their speed to swing in behind teammates for quick passes before accelerating into the attack.
Centers are typically the best defensive players on a touch football team. It takes six touches, a fumble or an interception to change possession, and the centers are often the ones clogging the middle of the field and funneling runners into teammates for easy touches. Wingers can be a bit more aggressive on defense, using their speed to race forward and challenge passes in an attempt to snag interceptions or trigger fumbles. Wingers must also use their speed to run down any defensive mistakes.

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