Month: September 2016

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Walter Payton

Walter Payton, the NFL’s all-time leading rusher, was arguably the best running back to play the game. “When Walter went down the assembly line,” a Chicago Bears assistant coach once remarked, “everything was a chrome-plated part.”
A remarkable athlete, Payton (born 1954) didn’t play organized football until his junior year at Columbia (Mississippi) High School. But he ran 65 yards for a touchdown on his first carry and scored on a 75-yard play later the same game.
Recruited by several major colleges, he chose Jackson State so that he could play in the same backfield as his brother Eddie.
At Jackson State, Walter rushed for 3,563 yards in four seasons and scored 464 points. It was there that he earned the nickname “Sweetness,” because of his smooth running style.
For 13 seasons with the Bears, Payton mesmerized observers with his spectacular play. He had the speed to run outside plus the power to drive up the middle.
Exceptionally durable, he missed only one game in his rookie season and then played in 186 consecutive games. His astonishing durability helped him establish NFL records for carries (3,838), yards gained (16,726), and rushing touchdowns (110).
A complete football player, he was a devastating blocker and caught 492 passes for 4,538 yards and 15 touchdowns. His best single-game performance occurred on November 20, 1977, when he rushed for 275 yards against the Minnesota Vikings. That same season, he ran for a career-best 1,852 yards.
A punishing runner, Payton rarely ran out of bounds. He explained: “My coach at Jackson State, Bob Hill, always said that if you are going to die, you should die hard, never die easy.”
Despite all the attention and honors bestowed upon him during his extraordinary career, Payton always maintained a healthy perspective. Upon learning of his election to the Hall of Fame in 1993, he humbly remarked, “I’m thrilled but embarrassed. I got paid for playing a kid’s game, and I enjoyed it.”
Just six years after his enshrinement, Payton contracted a rare liver disease that rapidly turned cancerous. On November 1, 1999, one of the toughest and most complete football players the world had ever known passed away at age 45.
To learn more about football greats, see:


6000 Calorie Meal Plan

A 6,000-calorie meal plan is an extremely high-calorie meal plan. You may find this meal plan beneficial if you have had a recent weight loss and are trying to gain weight or you are an extreme athlete. This is probably not a good plan for you if you are trying to lose weight.
You can get the best results from a 6,000-calorie meal plan if you select a healthy balance of foods from all the basic food groups including grains, vegetables, fruits, dairy and meat. You should also avoid excessive amounts of fat, sugar, and salt. In addition, you should have one milliliter of water per calorie; on a 6,000-calorie diet this means twenty-five 8-oz. cups of water per day.
To provide 6,000 healthy calories per day, your meal plan should include at least 24 grain servings, 6 milk servings, 12 fruit servings, 6 low-calorie vegetable servings, 6 high-calorie vegetable servings, 16 oz. of meat or soy protein, and 16 fat servings from monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat choices. Calories in each serving include 80 calories per serving of grains, 60 calories per serving of fruit, 25 calories per serving of low-calorie vegetables, 80 calories per serving of high- calorie vegetables, 120 calories per serving of milk or dairy product, 75 calories per ounce of cooked lean meat and about 45 calories per serving of healthy fats.
You can achieve optimum results from a 6,000-calorie meal plan if you balance your intake. This means choosing foods from each food group with every meal or snack. A typical breakfast might include 1 1/2 cups oatmeal, 2 slices whole grain toast with margarine, 2 fried eggs, 1 large banana, 6 oz. of hash browns, and 16 oz. of milk, all of which provide about 1,450 calories. For a mid morning snack, you could have 1 cup of granola, 8 oz. of orange juice, 1 cup of baby carrots and 1 cup of flavored yogurt for 600 calories. Lunch could include a 5 oz. bagel, 5 oz. of deli meat, 1 Granny Smith apple, 1 cup of sweet potato fries, and 1 oz. of cream cheese, which all total about 1,300 calories. An afternoon snack might be 15 high fiber crackers, 2 oz. of tuna with 3 tbsp. of mayonnaise, 8 oz. of apple juice, 1 cup of cherry tomatoes, and 1 oz. of string cheese, all of which provide about 700 calories. For dinner, you can have 2 cups of rice, a 5-oz. cooked chicken breast, 1 cup of strawberries, 1 cup of mashed potatoes, 8 oz. of milk, and 4 oz. of gravy, which provide about 1,300 calories. You can finish the day with an evening snack of 2 slices of whole grain bread, 2 oz. of deli meat, 1 cup of cherry tomatoes, a large banana and 2 oatmeal cookies for a total of 650 calories. You should also drink water with all your meals and snacks.
If you are trying to lose weight, a 6,000-calorie meal plan may produce weight gain. Most individuals can maintain a healthy weight on 1,500 to 2,000 calories per day. If you are rehabilitating from an extended illness causing weight loss, starting this meal plan without working up to such a high calorie intake may cause problems with digestion and/or electrolyte imbalances, which would be hard on your heart and kidneys. Proceed with caution.


Why Is Team Communication Important When in Teams?

Almost everyone has worked in teams at some point in their lives. Within those teams, communication is crucial between all members, regardless of what role each person plays. Whether it is between two teammates on a sports team or two managers in a corporate office, communication is vital to success.
Teammates must develop trust, since it is not automatic. Accordingly, members must communicate more openly than they normally would in everyday life. There must be honesty on all ends of the team, since withholding the truth could damage the team’s integrity. Team members should always share information and feelings between each other. This allows for total trust between the team members.
Research has found that three or more people working together on a project are much more effective than a single person spending all of his time doing the same thing. However, without communication, the three-plus team members can be as useless as if the project went untouched.
Teams that communicate complete projects in a quicker and more efficient amount of time than others. They also are more accurate in their work than others. Effective communication also allows team members to understand their roles and the roles of everyone else on the team. It also gives room for understanding among the team members for what needs to be done.
Teams that fail to communicate effectively wind up wasting time and energy doing busy work and other work that is not required because of a lack of understanding of what needs to be done. These team members also misunderstand each other and their personalities. This often leads to conflict within the group and a lack of trust between group members. Team members in groups that fail to communicate effectively wind up not understanding what makes themselves more efficient, because they fail to get feedback from everyone else in the group, and there is no one else that they can compare their work to.
Research shows that good communication, mixed with strong organizational support, competence among the group leaders and clear group objectives can lead to the highest level of success in teams. Among those factors, good communication has shown to be the most important for success.


How Much Actual Playtime Occurs in a Baseball Game?

The real action in baseball games is less than you might think. Sportswriters Dick Wade and Rick Reilly timed the games, one in 1956 and the other in 2000. Those numbers hadn’t changed in nearly fifty years. Although the findings are not definitive, it is fair, not foul, to say that the amount of action in a baseball game is minimal. Since many baseball games take more than 3 hours to complete, the notion that baseball is a slow-moving game may be true.
A sportswriter in Kansas City, Dick Wade timed the action in a baseball game in 1956, reported Tom Peters in the “Philadelphia Inquirer.” Wade timed the seconds from the time the ball left the pitcher’s hand until it arrived at the plate. On balls that were hit, he measured the time it took until the batter was safe or out. According to his figures, there were 8.5 minutes of actual play during the game, a high-scoring affair won by Kansas City 15 to 6.
Famed “Sports Illustrated” journalist and columnist Rick Reilly timed a baseball game in 2000 and determined that the amount of action during the game, which lasted for 3 hours, 15 minutes, totaled 12 minutes, 22 seconds, and Reilly wrote he was generous with his stopwatch. As is his wont, Reilly expressed exasperation with the lack of action in a variety of funny and pithy ways. For example, “Percentage of boys who’d rather the coolest kid in school see them with their mom in JCPenny’s lingerie section than watching baseball on TV: 99.”
A precise analysis of four football games by “The Wall Street Journal” in 2010 found that the amount of action in a football game was 11 minutes, about the same as baseball. As a result, TV broadcasts of both football and baseball games spend huge amounts of time focusing on the nonaction. You see lots of shots of managers in the dugout or in a conference at the mound, relief pitchers coming from the bullpen and hitters taking practice swings and spitting. Likewise, in football, more time is spent in the huddle and standing around during timeouts than actually playing the game. Of course, that leaves plenty of time for commercials.
The slow pace of baseball is a selling point for traditionalists. If you love baseball, you love the moments of action and the many more moments of baseball ambiance as the players ponder the significance of the last play while the commentators discuss batting percentages and the history of the teams. If you’re in the stands, there’s plenty of time for more garlic fries and hot roasted peanuts. It may be surprising to outsiders, but the amount of action has little to do with the popularity of a sport. Football is the most popular sport in America, but compared to basketball or soccer, the amount of action is minuscule.


What if sea levels rose 12 inches?

At this point in human history, a 12-inch (30-centimeter) rise in sea levels isn’t hypothetical. Instead, it’s a matter of when it will happen and what’s going to happen afterward.
Sea-level rise stems from two factors, both of which result from climate change: thermal expansion ¡ª in which the ocean expands in volume after absorbing some of the heat trapped in the atmosphere ¡ª and the melting glaciers, ice caps and ice sheets that deposit into the ocean water that had once been frozen on land. Since the start of the 20th century, experts have measured global sea-level rise to be anywhere from 0.02 inches (0.6 millimeters) to 0.12 inches (3 millimeters) per year. Cautious estimates point to a 12-inch rise in global sea levels by 2100, while some experts predict such an increase by the middle of the 21st century [sources: Union of Concerned Scientists, Plumer].
However, that rise could come sooner or later depending on where you live. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, parts of the U.S. Atlantic Coast are experiencing annual sea level increases at up to 0.14 inches (3.7 millimeters) per year [source: U.S. Geological Survey]. Currents that warm offshore waters, for example, can lead to higher local sea levels. Regional sea levels can also vary because of changes in elevation on the coastline: Some areas of the northern Gulf of Mexico are gradually sinking, a factor contributing to an annual sea-level rise of up to 0.39 inches (10 millimeters) per year [source: NOAA]. Conversely, in southern Alaska, glacial retreat has pushed the land up, resulting in a decline in its relative sea level [source: NOAA].
While the impacts of a 12-inch rise in sea levels will be felt differently around the world, it’s safe to say the coastline will feel those impacts first. Low-lying areas are especially vulnerable: Higher sea levels bring more severe high tides and storm surges, resulting in chronic flooding and damage to coastal cities and communities. In response, these communities will have to construct levees, floodwalls and other barriers. According to a study by Nature Climate Change, even a sea level rise of 7.9 inches (20 centimeters) could contribute to $1 trillion of damage every year to the world’s coastal cities if no preventative action is taken; the most vulnerable cities would be Guangzhou, China; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Guayaquil, Ecuador [source: Hallegatte et al.].
Along with flood damage, a 12-inch rise in sea levels would drive salt water farther inland, contaminating freshwater drinking supplies and crippling ecosystems that can’t survive the increased salinity. Greater coastal erosion could have adverse effects on tourism and recreation. For example, Miami-Dade County in southeast Florida expects to need 10,781 football fields worth of foot-deep sand to replenish its beaches over the next five decades [source: Tompkins and Deconcini]. These factors could also displace entire populations: The low-lying Pacific island nation of Kiribati, for example, could be uninhabitable by 2050 [source: Day].


Eddie Robinson

Grambling State University’s Eddie Robinson became college football’s all-time winningest coach on October 5, 1985, at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas. During this game, Grambling defeated Prairie View A&M 27-7, and Robinson surpassed Bear Bryant’s 323 wins.
Two years earlier, unable to make an airplane connection, Robinson (born 1919) had driven 400 miles to attend Bryant’s funeral.
“I would like to be remembered as a guy who made the same contributions Bryant did, who influenced people’s lives and made an impact on the game.”
For a coach with such a stellar record — he retired in 1997 with a career record of 408-165-15 — it was undoubtedly Robinson’s ability to exert a positive influence on his players that lasted long after the numbers were taken down from the scoreboard.
A superb teacher of football, Robinson was an even greater teacher of life.
“When I left Grambling,” Doug Williams, Washington’s winning quarterback in Super Bowl XXII, said, “I felt like I had a degree in philosophy. It is amazing what that man knows, in addition to all the football he teaches.”
Hall of Famer Willie Davis remembered: “Whether Eddie was coming through the dormitory checking on your work habits or getting athletes out to class, this thing was extremely important to him. He was always someone you could go to to discuss a personal problem and come away with the feeling you’d been with someone who showed sensitivity and understanding.”
Robinson first came to Grambling in 1941 as head football (and basketball) coach for a salary of $63.75 a month. Over the years, he sent many players on to the NFL, including four members of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Those whose football ended with their final college game all agree they were better for having played for Robinson.
Robinson was a hands-on coach who always cared about his players’ whole college experience, not just the time spent on the football field. By the end of his 56-year tenure, he’d sent more than 200 players into the NFL.
To learn more about football greats, see:


Friendship Games for Girls

Friendship games help bring together girls from different backgrounds and cliques. Generally starting in elementary school, girls form exclusionary groups called cliques. According to a PBS Parents article, forming a clique is normal, but a problem occurs when the girls in the clique ignore or bully anyone outside of their group. Through friendship games, girls learn more about their friends and peers as they participate in trust and communication exercises.
The Control Tower game builds trust among girls, while encouraging teamwork and communication. Partner up the girls and give each pair of partners a blindfold. The “control” partner blindfolds her mate and leads her through an obstacle course by giving her specific instructions on how to navigate the course. The control partner tells her mate when to move left or right, step up or duck down, for example. After the blindfolded partner completes the course, the girls swap roles. For a competitive game, time the girls and award a prize for the fastest team.
Girls get literally tangled up in knots in this teamwork-building game, best played in groups of six to 10 people. The girls stand shoulder-to-shoulder in a circle. Each girl reaches across the circle with her left hand and joins hands with another girl, as long as its not the girl standing next to her. Then each girl reaches across the circle with her right hand, and again, takes the hand of another girl, as long as it’s not the girl to her immediate left or right. After everyone has joined hands, the girls must untangle themselves without ever letting go of each other’s hands. Several groups can play at once and compete for the fastest time.
A friendship quiz helps girls learn more about each other. Each girl fills out a questionnaire about her interests, favorite things and family. Topics can range from favorite music to what she wants to be when she grows up. One person collects the quizzes and reads the answers. The girls try and guess who gave which answer and get points for each correct guess. The girl who earns the most points, gets a prize for knowing her friends the best.
I’m Your Friend is a relatively basic game, best played with younger school-age children. One blindfolded “It” girl sits in the center of a circle. The other girls get one turn to fool their friend. One by one, the girls come up to the blindfolded girl and disguise their voices while exclaiming, “I’m your friend!” The blindfolded girl tries to guess the name of each mystery friend. Each girl can take turns being “It.” The girl who guesses the most correct names, wins.


How to Get Better at Soccer in a Week

Soccer is one of the world’s most popular sports, with millions of players at every level from youth to professional. Mastering the game takes years of training and practice, with players of high skill levels earning opportunities to compete at the high school, college and professional levels. Improvement over the course of one week is difficult. However, you can make progress ¡ª particularly in fundamental areas that provide the framework for future success.
Run constantly for each of your first six training days. Alternate training for endurance — which will take you through the course of 90 minutes of competition — and short bursts of speed. Three days of running three miles or more, along with sprints on the other three days and a day of rest, should do it.
Control the soccer ball while running up and down the pitch. Known as dribbling, this skill set is very important if you are not to be a turnover machine. Become comfortable with the ball at your feet while moving up and down the field by practicing.
Increase your power by practicing your penalty kicks. Players who score frequently on penalty kicks can be an asset for any soccer program. Take 50 practice kicks each day, working on making contact with the ball on the inside of your foot and driving it toward your target.
Pass the soccer ball back and forth repeatedly with a partner, and learn to hit your partner in stride while running down the field. This is known as a through ball, and is crucial in creating scoring chances.
Chip the ball up in the air to your partner, learning to lob it high over defenders into tight spaces. This skill can be developed in a relatively short time and is essential to helping your game to the next level.
Study the fundamentals of team defense, like clearing the ball and marking your man, and incorporate those facets into your own game. This study ¡ª which you can do by watching soccer in person or on television, or on websites with many hours of soccer video such as footytube ¡ª will render you a “student of the game,” a trait that all coaches seek in exceptional players.


Youth Football Conditioning Drills

Football is a popular sport, among kids and adults. This is where kids learn the individual skills and the team skills to make them good football players. Conditioning drills are an important part of football practices. When done correctly, they can provide both physical and emotional benefits for youth football players, states Coach Joe Bouffard.
Romanian Dead Lifts are specific strength training drills for children 13 years and older, according to USA Football. The player will either need a broomstick, dumbbells or a weight-training bar. The players holds the bar lengthwise at waist level with both hands. The player stands with feet are hip width apart and then keeping their back straight, bends at the waist without bending their knees. When bending the player pushes their buttocks back without moving their toes while allowing the bar to hang towards the floor. Then slowly begin to come up by pulling from the waist without bending the knees or arching the back.
According to the USA Football website, this drill is designed for players aged 7 and older. The players will get into a squatting position, with their knees bent and their buttocks towards the ground. The players will then begin to walk on the balls of their feet while in this position. Players should walk forwards and then walk backwards. It is important for players to keep their buttocks close to the ground and not raise up when walking. This drill works to improve the player’s range of motion, coordination and balance, as well as developing lower body strength.
According to The Guide To Coaching Sports website, this drill focuses on warming up the player’s throwing arm, throwing the ball to the target, follow through and concentration. This drill can be done as part of the warm up before practice or before a game. Have players pair off in twos and space players about 10 yards apart from each other. Have players kneel on both knees. The players will take turns being the receiver and the quarterback. The receiver will raise his hands up in the air so that the quarterback will have a target to throw the ball. The goal is not to throw the ball hard but to aim for the target and focus on follow through.


Footballs & Newton’s Laws of Motion

At the instant a football is snapped into play, Sir Isaac Newton¡¯s first law of motion has been demonstrated. During the course of that same play, his second and third laws of motion might be demonstrated more than once. According to folklore, the renowned physicist realized the law of gravity with the aid of a falling apple. Had football been played at the time, Newton might have formulated his laws of motion by observing a game.
The first law of motion states that an object remains at rest or in uniform motion in a straight line unless compelled to change by an external force. Once a referee places the football at the line of scrimmage, it remains at rest until the offensive center delivers it to his quarterback or kicker. Barring high winds, when a quarterback throws a pass to his receiver, the football remains in a straight line unless tipped or knocked down by a defender.
Newton¡¯s second law of motion explains how the velocity of an object changes when it is subjected to an external force. This is demonstrated when a player uses his hands or body, which represent the external force, to catch the football. Newton¡¯s formula for the second law, (F=M*A), is applied to determine the impact that changes the velocity of the ball by entering the combined weight and speed of the ball into the equation. It doesn¡¯t take much in the way of algebraic calculation to realize players must have strong hands to catch a crisp short pass or a long pass descending from a high arc.
The third law of motion tells us that every action is accompanied by an equal and opposite reaction. This is best demonstrated on long passes and punts where the the initial action of the football is upward to the point where it is affected by gravity. Receivers and kick return specialists have the ability to gauge the flight of a football from the quarterback¡¯s hand or a kicker¡¯s foot and get in position to make the catch. It might be fair to assume these players don¡¯t make rapid calculations as they track the football through its arc, but the average football player understands Newton¡¯s third law in layman¡¯s terms: A football that goes up must come down.
Newton¡¯s second and third law are demonstrated as a football is fumbled or descends after being kicked. The weight of the ball and the rate of downward acceleration caused by gravity are proportionate to the force when it hits the turf. However, the oblong shape and pointed ends of a football result in an unpredictable bounce that finds players scrambling for the elusive prize. The farther and faster it falls or is knocked to the turf, the greater the opposite reaction, or bounce, will be.

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