Month: March 2017

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Why Husbands Go on Dating Sites

Online dating websites offer opportunities for men to connect with other men and women. Dating sites are portable, and men can access the database from any computer with an Internet connection. Many dating sites have mobile applications that enhance opportunities to explore potential relationships. Some husbands may go on dating sites out of simple, innocent curiosity, but that curiosity may come from desires that differ for each individual man.
Some men may want more human contact. Paul J. Zak, writing on Psychology Today, reports that the hormone oxytocin may promote monogamy and help sustain pair bonds in males and females. The brain releases oxytocin during sex, touch and most positive social interaction. Husbands who do not get sex from a wife or lack positive interactions with her may use dating websites to seek out a healthier relationship.
According to Zak, testosterone conflicts with the monogamous effects of the hormone oxytocin in the brain, and higher testosterone levels make a man¡¯s cost-benefit analysis consider situations that are more current and self-focused. Husbands with high testosterone levels may go on dating sites to satisfy immediate hormonal urges that suppress the effect of hormones that promote monogamy.
Some unhappy husbands seek out opportunities for infidelity. “Time” magazine reports that a man who depends on his wife¡¯s income is five times more likely to cheat than a man with an equal wage. Your husband may go on dating sites to seek out opportunities for escaping his life or feelings of financial inferiority.
Dating sites can help heterosexual men seek out sex with straight men. Dating sites can offer anonymous and detached sexual opportunities to heterosexual men who want to explore homoerotic fantasies. According to psychotherapist and sexologist Joe Kort, straight men have sex with straight men, because they are attracted to the act of sex, but not the other man. Husbands may use dating sites to seek out sexual experiences with other heterosexual men.
Some men with high-paying jobs cheat just because they can. “Time” magazine reports that high-income jobs can provide cheating opportunities, such as long hours, travel and disposable income. Husbands with high-paying jobs may use dating sites to seek out partners for infidelity.
Technology offers tools that can change innocent opportunities into bona fide infidelity. Some personal websites are designed specifically for people who seek extramarital affairs. Mobile applications and websites offer tools for people who seek extramarital encounters. Husbands may use a social dating application out of curiosity for an intriguing new community, or seek out adulterous opportunities with like-minded cheaters.


Timeline: History of Football Pads

Football pads were first used in 1877, not long after football became an established pastime on U.S. college campuses. The first football pads were much smaller and thinner than those used in today’s games. Over time, football pads evolved to cover more of the body, stand up to rough use and to be lighter and sturdier than the original pads.
In 1877, Princeton football player L.P. Smock designed the first football pads. Smock’s pads were thin quilted layers sewn to the shoulders, thighs and knees of the laced-up jersey and knee pants he designed as the first football uniform for Princeton’s players. The pads were not very heavy, and they also did not provide much protection.
The 1890s saw significant changes in football rules and the creation of better football pads. In 1894, the “flying wedge” formation was outlawed after it killed 20 collegiate players and injured 100 more in a single season. Meanwhile, sports equipment manufacturers, including Spalding and Victor, began marketing leather football pads. The pads were thicker than Smock’s original pads, and their leather construction made them more sturdy. Also, unlike Smock’s pads, the leather pads were designed to be sewn or strapped to the outside of the football uniform.
In 1915, sports equipment manufacturers developed and sold the first football helmets. These helmets were made of soft leather and were designed primarily to cover and protect the ears. Although early football helmets were called “head harnesses” by their manufacturers, their distinctive earflaps soon earned them the nickname “dog-ear helmets.” In the 1930s, the first hard leather helmets appeared, followed by rigid plastic helmets in the 1950s.
In the 1930s, football shoulder pads first took on the form we recognize today: a separate set of pads that cover the entire shoulder and upper chest area. The pads were first developed by the Spalding company and were made primarily of leather. Like some shoulder pads used today, they had laces in the front so players could adjust the fit. Although they offered greater protection than the quilted or leather pads, they were also significantly heavier.
During the 1980s, football padding and helmets continued to improve. Helmets developed full face masks that prevented injuries like broken noses. Manufacturers began to make shoulder pads using plastic and other synthetic materials that made the padding lighter and stronger. In addition, shoulder pads began to use a cantilevered design that dissipated the impact of a hit. Hip, thigh and knee pads also became common equipment. Today, college and professional football players are required to wear a helmet and pads when they play.


Mike Tyson’s Workout Program

Mike Tyson was one of the most ferocious and hardest hitting heavyweight fighters in the history of boxing. While Tyson would have a myriad of problems inside and outside the ring later in his career, he trained rigorously as he climbed the boxing ladder.
Mike Tyson started training for the ring as a teenager. After his mother died when he was 16, Tyson became a student of boxing trainer Cus D’Amato, who had previously trained heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson and many other fighters. He quickly saw Tyson’s vast potential and became Tyson’s surrogate father. He also put him on a tough training schedule. One of the elements was strength training. Tyson followed a regimen that included 2,000 situps, 500 dips, 500 press-ups and 500 shrugs with a 30-kg barbell. Tyson followed this regimen seven days per week.
Like most fighters, Tyson did his running in the morning before he went to the gym to work on his strength training and boxing skills. He ran three miles on a daily basis to build endurance. However, before he did his long run, he did interval sprints and plyometric box jumping. The interval sprints helped build speed and quickness as well as endurance and the box jumping helped build the power that manifested itself in Tyson’s punching.
Tyson separated himself from other boxers with the sparring work that he did while he was preparing for a fight. Most fighters will spar two or three days in the six weeks leading up to a fight. Tyson did double sessions of sparring on an everyday basis. He would spar for 10 rounds at mid-day with a variety of sparring partners and then do 4 to 6 more rounds later in the afternoon. The biggest problem Tyson had as his talent developed was finding enough sparring partners. As he grew more skilled and explosive in the ring, he hurt sparring partners with his punches and many fighters dreaded going in the ring with him.
Many fight fans were mesmerized by Tyson’s propensity for delivering knockouts on a consistent basis. They thought he was just naturally gifted and that he could step into the ring and display his power whenever he wanted. Tyson reeled off 37 straight wins to start his career, but beginning with his knockout loss to James “Buster” Douglas in 1990, Tyson stepped back from his rigorous training methods. By failing to push himself in training Tyson showed vulnerability in the ring that opponents like Douglas, Lennox Lewis and Evander Holyfield exploited.


The Best Way to Bulk Up Quickly

Bulking up isn’t something that happens overnight, even if you’re genetically lucky and can build muscle fairly easily. If you’re new to exercise, however, you’ll see some results quickly — even in a few weeks — which can keep you motivated for the months or years it requires to bulk up significantly. To gain weight and bulk as quickly as possible, you’ll need a well-planned diet and exercise program, and you might consider using supplements. Speak with your doctor before making major changes to your lifestyle, though, and get medical clearance to use supplements, if you decide to take them.
How quickly you can bulk up depends on a few factors — your current physique, your genetic potential for muscle gain and the lifestyle modifications you make. Even if you can pack on muscle easily, bulking up requires months of work, which might take more than a year to achieve. Plan to gain about 1/2 of a pound each week by eating an additional 250 calories a day, on top of what you need to maintain weight. This slow weight gain enables your body time to pack on muscle, so you’re not simply increasing your body fat. Create a general timeline for bulking up, based on a weekly weight gain of 1/2 of a pound. For example, if you want to gain 20 pounds, budget about 40 weeks to accomplish your goal. Keep in mind that you might hit some roadblocks or plateaus along the way, which might add additional time to your schedule. You might also need to adjust your caloric intake up or down, as you gain weight to continue gaining approximately 1/2 of a pound weekly. Online calculators give you an estimate of how many calories you’ll need daily, but your actual caloric needs can vary, depending on your genetics and on your metabolism.
Adjusting the amount of food you eat is essential for bulking up — if you’re not eating enough food, you won’t have the additional calories you need to gain weight. But other dietary changes can help, too. For example, you’ll need more amino acids to build new muscle tissue. Shoot for a protein intake of 0.8 gram per pound of body weight. If you weight 135 pounds, that’s 108 grams; if you weigh 180 pounds, that’s 144 grams. Animal-derived protein, such as the protein found in lean meats, nonfat dairy, eggs and fish, offers all the amino acids you need for muscle gain. Soy and quinoa also provide all the essential amino acids. However, you can get the amino acids you need by eating a variety of other protein-rich plant foods such as lentils, beans, whole-wheat grains and nuts. Ensure you’re powering up with carbohydrates. Your body converts carbs from your diet into glycogen, which serves as a primary source of fuel for your muscles during tough workouts. To stay energized during tough workouts at the gym, you’ll need high-quality carbohydrates such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Eat healthy fats, too — fat is a concentrated source of energy, so it will fuel your active lifestyle. Choose unsaturated oils, such as olive oil, as well as foods that are high in unsaturated fat such as nuts, seeds, avocado and fatty fish.
Although diet alone can help you gain weight, exercise will trigger muscle growth and you’ll put on lean mass. Strength training is a must if you want to bulk up quickly. If you’re new to strength training, start with three strength-training workouts each week, performed on nonconsecutive days. Your workouts should focus on large, compound movements that allow you to work each major muscle group in your body. For example, you could perform lunges and dead lifts to strengthen your lower body, planks to challenge your abs, and chest presses and rows to work your arms, chest and back. As you become more advanced, consider splitting your strength routine by performing two upper body workouts and two lower body workouts each week. This frees up more time to add targeted exercises that work your muscles from different angles. For example, on upper body days, you might incorporate bicep curls or overhead presses into your routine, in addition to push ups, chest presses and rows. While your focus should be on strength training, don’t forego cardio entirely. A short, moderate-intensity workout of approximately 20 minutes, two to three times a week, is long enough to maintain your cardiovascular fitness.
As long as you follow a proper diet and exercise program for bulking, adding supplements to your routine might help accelerate your results. For example, drinking a whey protein shake can help boost your protein intake to help you meet your protein goals. Whey, in particular, is a quickly absorbing protein, so drinking a whey shake shortly after your workout will supply your muscles with the amino acids they need to grow. Creatine is a supplement widely available at health and fitness stores and it might also help promote muscle growth in some people, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. However, more research, including larger, well-designed studies, is needed to know exactly how much supplements actually enable a broader range of people to bulk up. For example, creatine, might not benefit you if your muscles already contain high levels of natural creatine, explains the UMMC. Speak with your doctor before taking supplements to make sure they’re a good choice for you.


How to Invigorate Tired Legs

Exercising is rough when you have tired, aching legs. Walking on hard, flat surfaces can cause your legs to rotate inward in such a way that injures your calf muscles. Your feet flatten and twist to accommodate unnatural flooring or poorly-fitting shoes, which then puts pressure on the musculature of your legs. Your legs feel tired at night, with muscle aches plaguing your calves and the area behind your knees. Fortunately, you can reduce these symptoms at home.
Sit down and rest several times each day, especially if you stand all day at your job. Ignore the temptation to run errands during breaks at work; spend the time sitting with your weight off your legs and feet.
Immerse your calves and feet in warm water, or go for a swim in a heated pool. The warmth relaxes muscles and stimulates circulation. A study published by the American College of Rheumatology reports that exercise in warm, waist-high water decreased lower leg pain in women with fibromyalgia. These women enjoyed long-term improvement, maintaining muscle strength after the program had ended.
Perform calf-stretching exercises. Inadequate stretching and muscle fatigue can lead to painful muscle cramps. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons describes one exercise to stretch your calves. Lean forward against the wall with one foot in front of the other. Straighten your back leg and try to put your heel to the floor. Keep your front leg bent. Hold the position for 15 to 30 seconds. Switch feet and repeat.
Wear orthotic shoes that correct excessive pronation. This special footwear restricts your foot¡¯s inclination to turn inwards. Pre-molded orthotic appliances are available if your problem is neither chronic nor acute. Consult a podiatrist for custom-made orthotics if your legs are extremely tired or you experience this fatigue for more than a few days.
Sleep with a pillow or folded blanket under your feet to elevate your feet above your heart. This will reduce any puffiness or inflammation in your legs, ankles or feet.
Change your shoes. Improper footwear may be causing you to stand with poor posture, increasing the stress on your musculoskeletal system in your back, hips and legs. Wear shoes that fit well, provide sturdy support and feel comfortable when you walk or sit for hours.
Wear compression hose. Compression hose prevent blood from pooling in your feet, which causes an achy feeling in your lower extremities. Purchase compression hose from your local pharmacy or drug store.
Talk with your podiatrist if your tired legs are preventing you from participating in the activities of your daily life. Experiencing tired legs is annoying once or twice a year, but feeling exhaustion in your legs every day is catastrophic.


7 Exercise Moves to Boost Your Agility

Agility is a loaded term: It¡¯s used to describe a lot of different things, like lateral movement, change of direction, balance and body control.
But these aren¡¯t all the same movements, and training one doesn¡¯t always help the others.
Read More: 10 Exercises to Increase Your Running Speed
Instead of just using the standard cone and ladder drills, you should add moves to your workout that will improve all aspects of agility. These seven drills will improve your quickness, lateral cutting, change of direction and balance and strength.
You don¡¯t need to use these drills as a standalone workout; instead, incorporate two or three of them into your current training routine.
These are for the short, fast reactions ¡ª think of a football wide receiver planting a foot and changing his angle slightly or a point guard making a wicked crossover move. Here are three drills that will challenge your reaction time:
This drill is a fundamental tool for improving quickness. It builds stability in your foot, ankle and lower leg. Double unders teach you to apply a big force to the ground in a really short amount of time, building reactive strength.
Do It: Work up to 60-second continuous rounds for three to five rounds.
Lightning-fast changes in direction or body position in a small space is a hallmark of athletic quickness. This drill tests that quickness in all directions. Once you¡¯ve mastered the hexagon drill on two legs, make it harder by performing the drill on one leg.
Do It: Three times around as fast as possible. Alternate directions each set, doing four to eight sets.
Sharp sideways cuts or explosive shuffle steps are examples of lateral movement. With the lateral bounding drill, you¡¯ll develop greater power moving sideways and enhance hip, knee and ankle stability.
Do It: Three to five reps per set are plenty, with two to four sets working well.
In order to move fast, you have to be strong. But being strong for strength¡¯s sake isn¡¯t helpful. Strength improves agility if (and only if) you can apply force in a small amount of time in the proper direction. Runners don¡¯t stand up straight when they run: Powerful runners are tilted forward, driving through each step in a forward motion.
Here are two drills that will drastically increase the strength required to improve your agility.
So many big moments in sports involve athletes cutting and changing direction on a single leg. This means you must have strength and stability in all the muscles and joints, from hip to foot. Add this into either strength or agility sessions to build up your leg strength.
Do It: Work up to 10 reps for two to four sets. Hold a kettlebell or weight plate to progress.
Watch an athlete moving fast and making a sharp change of direction, and you¡¯ll see how they load the lower leg and hip to absorb their momentum and then explode out in the new direction. This drill teaches you to load and then explode off that leg.
Do It: Use five to eight reps on each side for two to three sets. As you improve, progress from single reps to continuous repetitions.
When an athlete makes a big change of direction or gets ready to react to an opponent, they bend their hips and knees and get into a lower, balanced position with the legs and hips loaded for the next move.
These drills build the eccentric strength, range of motion and the explosiveness to move in and out of that position.
Ladder drills are overused and as a result, many athletes just go through the motions. Add some value to yours by lowering your center of mass every few moves in these ladder drills. By lowering as fast as you can into a stable, balanced position, you¡¯ll find you have more control when you have to react to an opponent.
Do It: Pick two to three patterns and do each for two to three times down and back for each set. Two to four sets work well.
A big part of agility is reaction. This drill helps with that. You work on sharp changes of direction and getting low at the same time that you¡¯re reacting to a partner or mirroring their movements. It¡¯s also a great drill for competing and getting the heart rate up.
Do It: Set up the box between three to seven yards, depending on sport. Make each set seven to 10 seconds and perform six to 12 sets. Take turns with a partner being the mirror.
What kinds of exercises do you do to increase your agility? Are there any other drills or exercises that you recommend? Have you tried any of the exercises discussed above? Leave a comment below and let us know!


Can You Try Out for College Sports Teams?

Trying out for a sports team can be a positive experience that can enrich a student’s college experience. In most cases, it is best to make inquiries with the athletic department about trying out for a particular team when you have not been recruited to play. You might be given an opportunity to make the team in one sport but not another.
It can be very difficult to get a fair opportunity to show your skills for a major college. If you have not been recruited and are not a scholarship player but you want to walk on in a major team sport like football, basketball or baseball, you need to speak with the coach before you show up. For example, if you played high school football and have a dream of playing college football for a school that might be eligible to play for the national championship, you will have to convince the coaches that you are worthy of even showing up for practice. Arrange a meeting and come equipped with a videotape of your high school play and a letter of recommendation from a previous coach. This might get you consideration, but it will be up to the coach to say whether you should show up. Even if you have played before, you might have a chance only to make the team’s practice squad and have very little chance to play in games.
Football, basketball and baseball are considered revenue-producing sports. Other sports like golf, tennis, soccer and volleyball offer scholarships but also might offer other athletes a legitimate chance to make the team in a tryout situation. For example, if you are a golfer and have ability, you can make a team with a strong showing in tryouts and then earn a scholarship or partial scholarship, according to College
If you are going to a non-division 1 school, you will have a chance to try out and might be able to earn a partial scholarship or grant. According to College Athletic, Division III and NAIA colleges have scholarship money available. The number of Division III athletes nearly doubled between 1982 and 1987. Small college teams have more players on their rosters than major college teams. Lindsey Wilson, an NAIA program in Kentucky, had 33 players on its men¡¯s basketball roster in 2011. That’s more than twice as many as most Division 1 programs.
Once in a while, a player can go from from being a walk-on who succeeds in a tryout to one of the top players in the game. This was the case for Clay Matthews, who walked on at USC, earned a spot on the team and ultimately was drafted by the Green Bay Packers, where he became one of the most productive players on the Packers’ defensive team. Safety Jim Leonhard was a walk-on at Wisconsin, excelled in the secondary and made the New York Jets as an undrafted free agent. He became a starter for the Jets.


American Football Skills

American football, not to be confused with the World Cup game of the same name, requires a variety of skills to move a leather ball toward an opponent’s goal and to prevent the opponent from entering yours. Throwing the ball through the air, knocking other players to the ground, running around or through opposing players and kicking the ball away from other players or between goal posts are the main actions taken during a football game.
Passing relies on the basic sport skill of throwing, used in pitching a baseball, serving a tennis ball or throwing a javelin. A football player performs the same basic movements and creates the same basic kinetic chain of events, starting with a push off the ground with the feet, core rotation, opening of the hip and forward arm movement, ending with forearm pronation. Passing requires accuracy because the player to whom you are throwing might have opposing players near him trying to block or intercept the ball. Because of the size of the ball, which is smaller than a basketball but much larger than most other sports balls, significant muscle power is required for long passes.
Blocking is the act of putting your body between an opponent and one of your teammates to stop your opponent from tackling your teammate. Because offensive players cannot hold an opponent with their hands, blocking requires a mastery of techniques to keep the opponent from slipping past you.
Playing one of the receiver positions in football requires more than an ability to catch a ball. Receivers must avoid opponents who try to block or intercept balls. They fake or run away from opponents to get in the clear to make a catch. Some football plays require a receiver to run to a certain position without looking at the quarterback, then turn around after the ball has been thrown and make the catch. Receivers must also try to make catches knowing that they will be hit hard by an opposing player as soon as or shortly after they make the catch.
Rushing is the act of running with the football from the start of an offensive play. Skills needed for rushing include an ability to anticipate the moves of opposing team members and the skill to make quick, lateral adjustments to avoid opposing players.
After a score, the scoring team kicks the ball to the opposing team to restart play. If a team is in poor position on the field, it might wish to kick the ball down the field rather than try to move it with a pass or rush. In these situations, a kicker usually tries to kick the ball far because he is giving possession of the ball to the other team. Kickers also try to score points by kicking a ball through a set of upright goals.


Games with Physical Activity for Children

Exercise for adults often means spending time at the gym or going for a run to lose weight. For children, however, exercise is usually in the form of play, whether in a physical education class, outside with friends, or as a family activity. Games are a positive way to encourage physical activity while enjoying recreational time.
There are countless variations of the game “tag” with the same basic concept, where one person person is “It” and chases players until he tags someone else to be “It.” Freeze tag operates the same way but when tagged that person becomes frozen and must be “melted” by another player crawling through their legs. During TV tag, when “It” is coming for you, the player ducks down and yells out a favorite show before they are tagged.
Players line up in a straight line and the traffic light caller stands across the room or field from them. The caller yells out “Green light!” which signals players to rush toward the caller as fast as they can. “Yellow light!” means players proceed slowly and “Red light!” means players freeze. Players that do not follow directions instantly must go back to the starting line, and the first person to reach the caller becomes the caller for the next round.
The captain calls directions to the other players, who are “out” if they do not listen or are the last to follow the direction. The directions include running to the front, back, left, or right sides of the ship (called out “bow,” “stern,” “port,” or “starboard,” respectively). “Scrub the deck” means players must be on their knees scrubbing the floor. “Row the boat” means players face a partner and pretend to row (any not paired are out). And “Three Men in a Boat” means players form groups of three and sing “Row Row Row the Boat.” Other directions include “Hit the deck,” where players lay down on their stomachs, “Shark!” where players run to a safe spot, and “Sick turtle” where players lay on their backs with legs in the air.
Three-legged races, potato sack races, and leap frog races are very fun games for children. Other popular race options include wheelbarrow races, crab walk, bear walk, backwards, obstacle courses, and balancing egg races. They should be a shorter distance for younger children and a longer distance for those that are older. Be sure to pair teams so all teams have children that are of mixed athletic ability in order to make the game fun and fair for everyone.


Importance of Sports to Health

Whether it¡¯s a pickup game of basketball or an organized water polo league, playing sports can make you healthier and happier because of the physical activity involved. Playing sports contributes to muscle development, coordination, cardiovascular health and numerous other benefits associated with disease prevention; physical activity can help ward of chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression and osteoporosis, according to Sport and
Playing sports can help children develop healthy bones, stronger cardiovascular systems and powerful lungs, according to Sport and Child athletes also develop motor skills and cognitive skills. Being physically active as a child makes it more likely to continue playing sports as an adult, promoting lifelong health, according to the United Nations. Among women, sports can help prevent osteoporosis and hip fractures. Older citizens who play sports have opportunities to keep their bodies moving, feel independent and socialize with others in a healthy way.
Playing sports can help people achieve fitness goals related to weight loss, muscle development and fat reduction because of the physical activity involved. Children who play sports are less likely to experience childhood obesity. Physical activity is associated with hormone regulation and strengthening the immune system, according to True
It¡¯s not just your body that benefits from sports. Playing sports contributes to mental health, helping to prevent depression and increase self-esteem and body image, according to Sport and Individuals who participate in sports might also benefit from the social aspect, developing friendships with teammates and feeling part of a group. Children can learn positive mental health skills including accountability, leadership and dedication, according to the University of Missouri Children¡¯s Hospital. Playing sports is a key strategy for reducing stress, because your body releases feel-good endorphins while exercising.
Some sports are associated with particular health advantages. For example, bowling can help achieve greater bone density because of the frequent heavy lifting, according to the Mother Nature Network. Fencing might help ward off cognitive decline, given the complex thinking associated with this sport. People who play volleyball benefit from increased hand-eye coordination and flexibility. Ping-pong also helps players increase hand-eye coordination, while also promoting better brain health because of the fast thinking involved.
Another reason that sports are important for health is that participating in sports can encourage positive lifestyle decisions. For example, if you belong to a recreational rugby league, you might spend your evenings and weekends practicing with your team rather than stopping for a cocktail after work or ordering greasy happy hour food.

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