Month: March 2017

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What Are Positive Things About Football?

Physical pain is just part of the game of football. However, as of 2013, the scariest issue was how all of those collisions impacted a player’s post-game life. The National Collegiate Athletic Association claimed there were 2.5 concussions for 1,000 contacts during college football games in 2011. Concussion talk alone led President Obama to say he wasn’t sure he’d allow a child of his to play football. Despite that talk, the game’s popularity endured because it still offered significant benefits to its participants, both on and off the field.
A good high school football player can turn that skill into a free college education. That’s an option in other sports of course, but none have as many opportunities as football. As of 2013, all Division 1 schools had 85 scholarships for football, and all of them had to be “full rides.” According to the NCAA, only 1.7 percent of college players ultimately go pro. However, the players who take advantage of those paid scholarships can set themselves up for some other career.
Although few football players ever make the pros, just being a football hero can still raise a player’s social status. In small towns, football can become the center of social life according to “Contemporary Issues in Sociology of Sport.” A 2008 study it published followed four African-American college football players. It found that participation in the sport significantly raised their social status and encouraged others to listen to them and respect their opinions.
In football, it’s routine that all 22 players have something to do on every snap. If one fails, chances are the whole play fails. That means football players have to learn how to actively strategize and communicate, a skill that can carry over to other parts of life. The simple act of a quarterback calling signals nurtures an environment where players must learn to listen to one another, according to “Football and Philosophy.”
Like other sports, football provides plenty of opportunities for exercise. Unlike some, it encourages both cardiovascular exercise such as running and jumping and strength training. Strength training is a critical component even at the high school level. The book “Survival Guide for Coaching Youth Football” also notes that the constant motion required in football means extra exercise for the players.
Even the strongest and fastest player won’t succeed if he can’t follow a team’s strategy, which can involve learning a huge number of plays and signals. He’ll also have to learn why those plays should work and how to apply them under pressure. A 2011 study published in “Social and Behavioral Sciences” specifically mentions that football can help improve spatial reasoning skills. These skills can benefit players off the field. For example, a 2010 article in “Scientific American” emphasizes the important role spatial reasoning plays in math and science achievement.


Calories Burned Sitting on an Exercise Ball

Swapping your office chair for an exercise ball gives you an excuse to sneak a few calorie-burning exercises, like wall squats and ball passes, into your day. But just the act of sitting on the exercise ball burns calories, too.
Working while sitting on an exercise ball burns about 6 percent more calories than working on a normal office chair, according to a 2008 University of Buffalo study published in the “European Journal of Applied Physiology.” Study subjects burned a similar number of calories by standing while working, but reported that they liked working on the ball better than working while standing.
How many calories you actually burn while sitting on the ball depends on what you’re doing. According to Harvard Health Publications, desk work burns about 106 calories per hour if you weigh 135 pounds, and about 156 calories per hour if you weigh 185 pounds. Apply the 6-percent increase for sitting on an exercise ball and you can expect to burn about 112 to 165 calories per hour during office work on the ball.
The exercise ball’s instability forces your core muscles to work constantly at keeping you stable. This might account for the extra calorie burn and offers you a chance to develop some abdominal tone with no extra effort.


Longest Centerfield Fence in Baseball History

Center field is an iconic spot on a baseball field, a position played by legends such as Ty Cobb, Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays. Additionally, some of baseball’s iconic stadiums have featured distant center field fences, forcing the great centerfielders to cover plenty of ground while giving the old ballparks their own special flavors.
Center field is almost always the deepest part of a Major League baseball stadium. Outfield dimensions are usually shortest down the right field and left field foul lines, and they get longer toward the center of the field. There have been exceptions in some irregularly shaped stadiums, but hitting a ball over the fence in center field takes strength and timing.
The Polo Grounds was the home of the New York Giants before they moved out of New York City and headed west to San Francisco after the 1957 season. The Giants played in the Polo Grounds from 1891 through 1957, and when the horseshoe-shaped stadium opened, it had a distance of 500 feet from home plate to the center field fence. Eventually, that distance was reduced to 483 feet, which was the longest distance of any Major League Baseball stadium.
Yankee Stadium was baseball’s first super stadium. After the Yankees acquired Babe Ruth from the Red Sox, the team decided to build its own stadium instead of sharing the Polo Grounds with the Giants. When Yankee Stadium opened in 1923, it had a gargantuan distance of 490 feet to center field. That distance was soon reduced to 461 feet and it remained at that distance through 1973, when the distance to the center field fence was drastically reduced to 408 feet during the stadium renovation project. When the Yankees built a new stadium that opened in 2009, its center field fence was also 408 feet from home plate.
Tiger Stadium opened in 1912 and served as the home of the Detroit Tigers through 1999. When the stadium opened, the distance from home plate to the center field fence was 467 feet. The Tigers ultimately reduced the distance to 440 feet. Nevertheless, it was still one of the deepest center fields in the Major Leagues. The Tigers moved into Comerica Park in 2000. That ballpark has a distance of 422 feet to dead center field.
Four players hit the ball over the fence in dead center field at the Polo Grounds. According to Baseball Almanac, Negro League slugger Luke Easter did it in 1948, Joe Adcock of the Milwaukee Braves accomplished the feat in 1953, Lou Brock of the Chicago Cubs did it in 1962 and Hank Aaron of the Braves also blasted the ball out in center field in 1962.


Dodgeball Techniques

While a round of dodgeball might look chaotic, all players use techniques when participating in the game. These techniques make it easier to throw and avoid the ball, while putting the player in a good position to make a catch. The next time you play dodgeball, incorporate some additional techniques into your game to improve your performance.
You can throw the ball in a number of different ways, depending on your arm strength and your distance from your opponent. One technique is to grab two balls at the same time to distract an opponent, and throw them simultaneously with a windmill motion. Since some players find it hard to hit an opponent while throwing two balls at once, you can also use the windmill motion for a single ball. Keep in mind that releasing a single ball makes it much easier for your opponent to dodge it.
When you catch the ball, it puts the player who threw the ball out of the game and allows you to bring one of your eliminated players back into the match. If you touch the ball with your hands and do not catch it, however, you are eliminated from the game. As the ball approaches you, put your entire body behind it, rather than using your arms exclusively. Use your body and arms to control the ball, as this gives you a better chance of catching it. If a ball looks like an easy catch, it could mean that another ball is coming toward you immediately. Maintain awareness of all players on the court as you go for a catch.
Dodging the ball remains important in a dodgeball game, but you must keep your composure and not panic as the ball approaches. When the ball approaches you, move just far enough to avoid it. If you move too far, you could move right into the path of another ball. Keep your eyes looking forward as you dodge the ball, as your opponents could throw multiple balls in your direction at once.
Working together with a teammate makes it easier to hit an opponent with the ball. If you and a teammate both have a ball, move toward the center line to cut down on the amount of reaction time that you give your opponent. The first teammate throws the ball toward the opponent in an attempt to control where the opponent moves. The second teammate throws the ball to where the opponent is headed, making it very difficult to avoid the ball.


Health Effects of True-Mass

BSN True-Mass is a high-calorie, high-protein supplement that is intended to assist athletes in gaining weight. Because intense exercise burns many calories, athletes often have trouble gaining weight. In sports such as bodybuilding and football, gaining lean muscle mass is required for optimal performance, so a high-protein weight gainer may be helpful. The specific ingredients in BSN True-Mass may make it more effective than standard protein powders at improving body composition, but results depend upon your diet and exercise programs. You should consult a doctor before using BSN True-Mass or any other supplements.
The stated intent of BSN True-Mass is to encourage weight gain. You may accomplish this goal when using BSN True-Mass, because it is calorie dense — BSN’s official website notes that 630 calories are in each serving of True-Mass. You can also add more calories to True-Mass by mixing the supplement with milk or juice rather than water. To gain weight, you must eat more calories than your maintenance level requires. Because the average daily intake of calories is 2000, one serving of True-Mass comprises more than 30 percent of your daily caloric intake, and it will help you reach a caloric surplus. Professor Richard D. Mattes of Purdue University notes that liquid meals are less filling than solid meals, so True-Mass may help you consume more calories.
Although BSN True-Mass is not marketed as an energy drink and does not contain stimulants such as caffeine or yohimbine, the supplement may promote an increase of your energy levels. Although stimulants do provide energy, your body is fueled by calories, and carbohydrates are your body’s primary source of energy. One serving of True-Mass contains 76 grams of carbohydrates, which is a fourth of the daily recommended intake. In addition, True-Mass contains 100 percent of the daily recommended intake of vitamins B-6 and B-12. MedlinePlus notes that B vitamins help your body convert food into energy, which may help improve energy levels.
Although lean muscle gain requires resistance exercise, consumption of BSN True-Mass along with a well-designed workout plan may promote lean muscle gain. To gain muscle, you need to be in a caloric surplus, which the calorie density of True-Mass may help you achieve. In addition, BSN True-Mass provides 46 grams of protein per serving, which is 92 percent of the daily recommended value, according to BSN. One of the protein sources, whey protein isolate, in BSN True-Mass may be particularly valuable in promoting muscle gain. A study published in the October 2006 issue of the “International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism” found that supplementation of whey protein in conjunction with exercise encouraged more lean muscle gain than other protein sources.

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